What Is Acid Reflux, And What Happens When You Suffering From It?

Acid reflux is a condition in which the stomach’s acid and pepsin, an enzyme, come into contact with food particles and create an unpleasant burning sensation. This article provides tips for coping with acid reflux disease.

What Is Acid Reflux?

Acid reflux is a common digestive problem that causes stomach acid to flow back up into the esophagus. This can cause discomfort and heartburn. The condition is often caused by eating foods that are high in acid (papaya, tomatoes, citrus fruits, vinegar), smoking, drinking alcohol, or using other medications that can increase the amount of stomach acid.

Causes of Acid Reflux

Acid reflux is a common condition that affects up to 60% of the population. While there are many causes of acid reflux, some of the most common causes include obesity, GERD (gastroesophageal reflux disease), and eating a lot of spicy foods.

When stomach acids leak up into the esophagus, it can cause heartburn and other symptoms. Usually, acid reflux is caused by spasms in the lower esophageal sphincter (LES), which keeps stomach contents from entering the esophagus. However, other factors can also contribute to acid reflux, including smoking, drinking alcohol, and having a strong stomach acid level.

Treatment Options for Acid Reflux

There are several ways to treat acid reflux, depending on the severity and cause. Mild cases may only require medication, lifestyle changes, or both. For more severe cases, surgery may be necessary.

The most common treatment methods are as follows:

– Medication:

Most people with mild to moderate acid reflux symptoms can be treated with over-the-counter medications. Some people may need to take these medications for several months or years to see significant relief.

– Lifestyle Changes:

One important way to reduce your risk of acid reflux is to make simple lifestyle changes, such as avoiding drinking alcohol and eating high-fat foods late at night. You may also want to avoid smoking and eating spicy foods.


If you’re like most people, you know that having indigestion (or what we call “acid reflux”) is not a fun experience. You might even suffer from it regularly, which can be seriously disruptive to your daily routine. If this sounds like you, then read on for some helpful tips on how to deal with acid reflux and get relief from the pain and discomfort it causes.

Hugh Tomas
the authorHugh Tomas